Workplace learning measures for human resource development: review and summary

Sunyoung Park, Jae Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review the existing workplace learning measures used in empirical studies in human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: By reviewing 141 studies on workplace learning published in six journals in the field of HRD, we identified nine measures for workplace learning. Tynjälä’s (2013) 3-P model of workplace learning was adopted as the framework to analyze the features of each measure in terms of presage, process and product. Findings: Workplace Climate Questionnaire, Learning Opportunities Questionnaire, Approaches to Work Questionnaire and Self-regulated Learning in the Workplace Questionnaire belong to the presage category. Small Business Workplace Learning Survey and Workplace Learning Activities are categorized as the process dimension. The Questionnaire on Informal Workplace Learning Outcomes is in the product dimension. Informal Workplace Learning Survey and Workplace Adaptation Questionnaire are across the three categories. Research limitations/implications: The authors identified the issues of existing workplace learning measures to emphasize the importance of reliable and valid measures for workplace learning and to gain the attention of researchers concerning these issues. Practical implications: The findings can provide organizations and practitioners with insights and ideas on how to prepare employees to engage in diverse learning activities, how to support their learning activities and how to combine their learning activities with the existing job structure and work system. Originality/value: This study is the first to review workplace learning measures in the field of HRD. The authors review the dimensions, items and reliability of each measure, and summarize the features of nine measures in terms of presage, process and product of workplace learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-431
Number of pages12
JournalIndustrial and Commercial Training
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 5 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Human resource development (HRD)
  • Workplace learning
  • Workplace learning measures


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