Within-person variation in security of attachment: A self-determination theory perspective on attachment, need fulfillment, and well-being

Jennifer G. La Guardia, Richard M. Ryan, Charles E. Couchman, Edward L. Deci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1011 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attachment research has traditionally focused on individual differences in global patterns of attachment to important others. The current research instead focuses primarily on within-person variability in attachments across relational partners. It was predicted that within-person variability would be substantial, even among primary attachment figures of mother, father, romantic partner, and best friend. The prediction was supported in three studies. Furthermore, in line with self-determination theory, multilevel modeling and regression analyses showed that, at the relationship level, individuals' experience of fulfillment of the basic needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness positively predicted overall attachment security, model of self, and model of other. Relations of both attachment and need satisfaction to well-being were also explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-384
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2000

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