Who beats their partner, and who beats their schoolmates? A comparison of teen dating and school physical violence perpetration in Lower Saxony, Germany

Dirk Baier, Yvonne Krieg, Jun Sung Hong, Sören Kliem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Teen dating violence (TDV) and school violence (SV) are two major social problems in adolescence. Until recently, the antecedents of both TDV and SV have been analyzed largely independently of each other. This study analyses and compares the determinants of both TDV and SV, with a focus on physical violence. Based on a comprehensive survey of ninth-grade adolescents at the average age of 15 years (N = 3,800) conducted in the German federal state of Lower Saxony, the findings showed that there is a significant but low correlation between both physical TDV and SV (r = 0.21). Concerning the determinants, we found that males carry out physical SV significantly more often, but physical TDV significantly less often than female respondents. Acquaintance with violent friends shows a stronger correlation with SV but not with TDV. Low self-control and violent media consumption are determinants of both TDV and SV. Empathy as a protective factor and parental violence as another risk factor were found to be only weak and sometimes not significantly correlated with both TDV and SV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-93
Number of pages15
JournalNew Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Volume2021
Issue number178
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Survey was funded by the Lower Saxony Ministry of Science and Culture.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.

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