Which is your choice for prolonging the analgesic duration of single-shot interscalene brachial blocks for arthroscopic shoulder surgery? intravenous dexamethasone 5mg vs. perineural dexamethasone 5mg randomized, controlled, clinical trial

Eun Hee Chun, Youn Jin Kim, Jae Hee Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of intravenous (I.V.) dexamethasone with that of perineural dexamethasone on the prolongation of analgesic duration of single-shot interscalene brachial plexus blocks (SISB) in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients undergoing elective arthroscopic shoulder surgery with ultrasound-guided SISB were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups. A total volume of 12 mL of the study drug was prepared with a final concentration of 0.5% ropivacaine. In the I.V. group, patients received SISB using ropivacaine 5mgmL-1 with normal saline (control) with dexamethasone 5mg I.V. injection. In the perineural group, patients received SISB using ropivacaine 5mgmL-1 with dexamethasone 5mg, with normal saline 1 mL I.V. injection. The primary outcome was the time to the first analgesic request, defined as the time between the end of the operation and the first request of analgesics by the patient. The secondary outcomes included patient satisfaction scores, side effects, and neurological symptoms. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of the 2 groups using a computer-generated randomization table. An anesthesiologist blinded to the group assignments prepared the solutions for injection. The patients and the investigator participating in the study were also blinded to the group assignments. One hundred patients were randomized. Data were analyzed for 99 patients. One case in the I.V. group was converted to open surgery and was therefore not included in the study. Perineural dexamethasone significantly prolonged analgesic duration (median, standard error: 1080minutes, 117.5 minutes) compared with I.V. dexamethasone (810 minutes, 48.1 minutes) (P= 0.02). There were no significant differences in side effects, neurological symptoms, or changes in blood glucose values between the 2 groups. Our results show that perineural dexamethasone 5mg is more effective than I.V. dexamethasone 5mg with regard to analgesic duration of SISB for arthroscopic shoulder surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3828
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Analgesics anti-inflammatory
  • Anesthetic techniques
  • Anesthetics local
  • Brachial plexus
  • Postoperative
  • Regional
  • Ropivacaine
  • Steroid

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