What Is a Resource: Toward a Taxonomy of Resources for Employee Engagement

Jae Young Lee, Tonette S. Rocco, Brad Shuck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Research detailing employee engagement has reliably stated that resources are significant to fostering engagement. Notwithstanding, no previous work has attempted to make meaning of those resources through a review of the existing literature. To better understand how the engagement literature positions and defines resources, we reviewed the resources term across 137 articles. The results of our structured literature review revealed that 216 distinct resources were mentioned across literature streams, and five distinct categories from macro to micro levels could be identified. The categories include (a) organizational resources, (b) social resources, (c) job resources, (d) home resources, and (e) personal resources. In addition to detailing our method and each category of resources, we explore implications for human resource development theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-38
Number of pages34
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • employee engagement
  • human resource development
  • resources
  • taxonomy


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