Voice Effects of Public Sector Unions on Turnover

Yujin Choi, Il Hwan Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Based on Hirschman's exit and voice model, this article examines the impact of voice mechanisms on turnover using the case of teacher unions in New York State. In addition, we intend to identify heterogeneous effects of voice mechanisms on turnover depending on observable teacher characteristics. Our findings reveal that school districts with stronger grievance procedures are associated with low turnover at the individual level. These results shed light on public sector union literature as well as the studies on the relationship between turnover and performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-233
Number of pages21
JournalPublic Personnel Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© SAGE Publications.


  • grievance procedures
  • public sector unions
  • teacher contracts
  • turnover
  • voice effects


Dive into the research topics of 'Voice Effects of Public Sector Unions on Turnover'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this