Vertically-oriented two-dimensional (2D) tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanosheets were successfully grown on a Si substrate at a temperature range between and 550◦C via the direct chemical reaction between WCl6 and S in the gas phase. The growth process was carefully optimized by adjusting temperature, the locations of reactants and substrate, and carrier gas flow. Additionally, vertically-oriented 2D WS2 nanosheets with a few layers were tested as a surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate for detecting rhodamine 6G (R6G) molecules where enhancement occurs from chemical enhancement by charge transfer transition from semiconductor). Raman spectra of R6G molecules adsorbed on vertically-oriented 2D WS2 nanosheets exhibited strong Raman enhancement effects up to 9.2 times greater than that on the exfoliated WS2 monolayer flake sample. From our results, we suggest that the WS2 nanosheets can be an effective surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate for detecting target molecules.
- Chemical vapor deposition
- Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
- Tungsten disulfide