VEGFA and VEGFR2 genetic polymorphisms and survival in patients with diffuse large b cell lymphoma

Min Kyoung Kim, Cheolwon Suh, Hyun Sook Chi, Hee Soon Cho, Young Kyung Bae, Kyung Hee Lee, Gyeong Won Lee, In Suk Kim, Hyeon Seok Eom, Sun Young Kong, Sung Hwa Bae, Hun Mo Ryoo, Im Hee Shin, Yeung Chul Mun, Hwasoon Chung, Myung Soo Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the impact of functional polymorphisms in the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and vascular endothelial growth factor 2 (VEGFR2) genes on the survival of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Five potentially functional polymorphisms in the VEGFA (rs699947, rs2010963 and rs3025039) and VEGFR2 (rs1870377 and rs2305948) genes were assessed in 494 DLBCL patients treated with rituximab plus CHOP chemotherapy. The associations of genotype and haplotype with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed. Of the five polymorphisms, VEGFR2 rs1870377T>A was significantly associated with both OS and PFS; in the dominant model, patients with the AA + TA genotypes had significantly better OS (P = 0.002) and PFS (P = 0.004) than those with the TT genotype. The association between significantly better OS and the AA + TA genotypes was observed separately in patients with low (0-2; P = 0.035) and high (3-5; P = 0.043) International Prognostic Index scores. Multivariate analysis showed that, relative to the AA + TA genotypes, the TT genotype was an independent prognostic factor for poor OS (HR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.21-2.43; P = 0.002) and PFS (HR, 1.57; 1.13-2.17; P = 0.004). Other independent significant predictors of survival in patients with DLBCL were International Prognostic Index score, age > 60 years, lactate dehydrogenase concentration >normal, extranodal disease >1 and presence of B symptoms. The VEGFR2 rs1870377 polymorphism might affect survival in patients with DLBCL, suggesting that angiogenesis might be related to poor survival in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-503
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Science
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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