The Internet Protocol (IP) address lookup is one of the most challenging tasks for Internet routers, since it requires to perform packet forwarding at wire-speed for tens of millions of incomming packets per second. Efficient IP address lookup algorithms have been widely studied to satisfy this requirement. Among them, Bloom filter-based approach is attractive in providing high performance. This paper proposes a high-speed and flexible architecture based on a vectored-Bloom filter (VBF), which is a space-efficient data structure that can be stored in a fast on-chip memory. An off-chip hash table is infrequently accessed, only when the VBF fails to provide address lookup results. The proposed architecture has been evaluated through both a behavior simulation with C language and a timing simulation with Verilog. The hardware implementation result shows that the proposed architecture can achieve the throughput of 5 million packets per second in a field programmable gate array (FPGA) operated at 100 MHz.
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© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Bloom filter
- hardware accelerator
- IP address lookup
- vectored-bloom filter