Validation of the simplified acute physiology score 3 scoring system in a korean intensive care unit

So Yeon Lim, Cho Rom Ham, So Young Park, Suhyun Kim, Maeng Real Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Sang Won Um, Man Pyo Chung, Hojoong Kim, O. Jung Kwon, Gee Young Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Purpose: The Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) 3 was recently proposed to reflect contemporary changes in intensive care practices. SAPS 3 features customized equations for the prediction of mortality in different geographic regions. However, the usefulness of SAPS 3 and its customized equation (Australasia SAPS 3) have never been externally validated in Korea. This study was designed to validate SAPS 3 and Australasia SAPS 3 for mortality prediction in Korea. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the prospective intensive care unit (ICU) registry was conducted in the medical ICU of Samsung Medical Center. Calibration and discrimination were determined by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test and area under the receiver operating characteristic (aROC) curve from 633 patients. Results: The mortalities (%) predicted by SAPS 3, Australasia SAPS 3, and SAPS II were 42 ± 28, 39 ± 27 and 37 ± 31, respectively. The calibration of SAPS II was poor (p = 0.003). SAPS 3 and Australasia SAPS 3 were appropriate (p > 0.05). The discriminative power of all models yielded aROC values less than 0.8. Conclusion: In Korea, mortality rates predicted using general SAPS 3 and Australasia SAPS 3 exhibited good calibration and modest discrimination. However, Australasia SAPS 3 did not improve the mortality prediction. To better predict mortality in Korean ICUs, a new equation may be needed specifically for Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Customization
  • Intensive care unit
  • Saps 3
  • Severity-of-illness


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