Validation of the Framingham Diabetes Risk Model Using Community-Based KoGES Data

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Background: An 8-year prediction of the Framingham Diabetes Risk Model (FDRM) was proposed, but the predictor has a gap with current clinical standards. Therefore, we evaluated the validity of the original FDRM in Korean population data, developed a modified FDRM by redefining the predictors based on current knowledge, and evaluated the internal and external validity. Methods: Using data from a community-based cohort in Korea (n = 5,409), we calculated the probability of diabetes through FDRM, and developed a modified FDRM based on modified definitions of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes. We also added clinical features related to diabetes to the predictive model. Model performance was evaluated and compared by area under the curve (AUC). Results: During the 8-year follow-up, the cumulative incidence of diabetes was 8.5%. The modified FDRM consisted of age, obesity, HTN, hypo-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated triglyceride, fasting glucose, and hemoglobin A1c. The expanded clinical model added γ-glutamyl transpeptidase to the modified FDRM. The FDRM showed an estimated AUC of 0.71, and the model's performance improved to an AUC of 0.82 after applying the redefined predictor. Adding clinical features (AUC = 0.83) to the modified FDRM further improved in discrimination, but this was not maintained in the validation data set. External validation was evaluated on population-based cohort data and both modified models performed well, with AUC above 0.82. Conclusion: The performance of FDRM in the Korean population was found to be acceptable for predicting diabetes, but it was improved when corrected with redefined predictors. The validity of the modified model needs to be further evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere47
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. All Rights Reserved.


  • Diabetes
  • Framingham Offspring Study
  • Probability
  • Risk Assessment


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