Vacuum-Processed Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials and Methods

Juhwan Lee, Kyungmin Lee, Kyungkon Kim, Nam Gyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) based on inexpensive organic−inorganic hybrid semiconductors are considered a promising next-generation solar cell technology. For PSC commercialization, the further development of efficient and scalable fabrication methods is essential. To date, solution-based methods have been widely studied due to simplicity and cost-effectiveness. Despite the advantages, it is still necessary for developing vacuum-based methods as the alternative methods due to reproducibility and uniformity with in a large area. However, it is insufficiently studied for a systematic understanding of vacuum-based methods. To give helpful insight for understanding vacuum-based methods for PSC commercialization, this review introduces the precursor and charge transporting materials with the various preparation methods for vacuum-processed PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200623
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) under contract number 2022M3J1A1085284 and 2021R1A6A1A10039823 (K.K.) and NRF‐2021R1A3B1076723 (N.‐G.P.).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • perovskite solar cells
  • thermal evaporation
  • vacuum processes


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