UV-DDB stimulates the activity of SMUG1 during base excision repair of 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine moieties

Sunbok Jang, Sripriya J. Raja, Vera Roginskaya, Matthew A. Schaich, Simon C. Watkins, Bennett Van Houten

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UV-damaged DNA-binding protein (UV-DDB) is a heterodimeric protein, consisting of DDB1 and DDB2 subunits, that works to recognize DNA lesions induced by UV damage during global genome nucleotide excision repair (GG-NER). Our laboratory previously discovered a non-canonical role for UV-DDB in the processing of 8-oxoG, by stimulating 8-oxoG glycosylase, OGG1, activity 3-fold, MUTYH activity 4-5-fold, and APE1 (apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1) activity 8-fold. 5-hydroxymethyl-deoxyuridine (5-hmdU) is an important oxidation product of thymidine which is removed by single-strand selective monofunctional DNA glycosylase (SMUG1). Biochemical experiments with purified proteins indicated that UV-DDB stimulates the excision activity of SMUG1 on several substrates by 4-5-fold. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that UV-DDB displaced SMUG1 from abasic site products. Single-molecule analysis revealed that UV-DDB decreases the half-life of SMUG1 on DNA by ∼8-fold. Immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated that cellular treatment with 5-hmdU (5 μM for 15 min), which is incorporated into DNA during replication, produces discrete foci of DDB2-mCherry, which co-localize with SMUG1-GFP. Proximity ligation assays supported a transient interaction between SMUG1 and DDB2 in cells. Poly(ADP)-ribose accumulated after 5-hmdU treatment, which was abrogated with SMUG1 and DDB2 knockdown. These data support a novel role for UV-DDB in the processing of the oxidized base, 5-hmdU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4881-4898
Number of pages18
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - 9 Jun 2023

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