Utility of accelerated T2-weighted turbo spin-echo imaging with deep learning reconstruction in female pelvic MRI: a multi-reader study

Eun Ji Lee, Jiyoung Hwang, Suyeon Park, Sung Hwan Bae, Jiyun Lim, Yun Woo Chang, Seong Sook Hong, Eunsun Oh, Bo Da Nam, Jewon Jeong, Jae Kon Sung, Dominik Nickel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the clinical feasibility of T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (T2-TSE) imaging with deep learning reconstruction (DLR) in female pelvic MRI compared with conventional T2 TSE in terms of image quality and scan time. Methods: Between May 2021 and September 2021, 52 women (mean age, 44 years ± 12) who underwent 3-T pelvic MRI with additional T2-TSE using a DLR algorithm were included in this single-center prospective study with patient’s informed consents. Conventional, DLR, and DLR T2-TSE images with reduced scan times were independently assessed and compared by four radiologists. The overall image quality, differentiation of anatomic details, lesion conspicuity, and artifacts were evaluated using a 5-point scale. Inter-observer agreement of the qualitative scores was compared and reader protocol preferences were then evaluated. Results: In the qualitative analysis of all readers, fast DLR T2-TSE showed significantly better overall image quality, differentiation of anatomic regions, lesion conspicuity, and lesser artifacts than conventional T2-TSE and DLR T2-TSE, despite approximately 50% reduction in scan time (all p < 0.05). The inter-reader agreement for the qualitative analysis was moderate to good. All readers preferred DLR over conventional T2-TSE regardless of scan time and preferred fast DLR T2-TSE (57.7–78.8%), except for one who preferred DLR over fast DLR T2-TSE (53.8% vs. 46.1%). Conclusion: In female pelvic MRI, image quality and accelerated image acquisition for T2-TSE can be significantly improved by using DLR compared to conventional T2-TSE. Fast DLR T2-TSE was non-inferior to DLR T2-TSE in terms of reader preference and image quality. Clinical relevance statement: DLR of T2-TSE in female pelvic MRI enables fast imaging along with maintaining optimal image quality compared with parallel imaging-based conventional T2-TSE. Key Points: • Conventional T2 turbo spin-echo based on parallel imaging has limitations for accelerated image acquisition while maintaining good image quality. • Deep learning image reconstruction showed better image quality in both images obtained using the same or accelerated image acquisition parameters compared with conventional T2 turbo spin-echo in female pelvic MRI. • Deep learning image reconstruction enables accelerated image acquisition while maintaining good image quality in the T2-TSE of female pelvic MRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7697-7706
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to European Society of Radiology.

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Female
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Pelvis
  • Spin echo imaging

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