Use of cognitive enhancement medication among Northern Italian university students

Silvana Castaldi, Umberto Gelatti, Grazia Orizio, Uwe Hartung, Ana Maria Moreno-Londono, Marta Nobile, Peter J. Schulz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


This study assesses the use of cognitive enhancement medication among university students in Northern Italy. It was conducted as a cross-sectional analysis on the basis of a paper-and-pencil survey of 77 undergraduate students attending courses in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Milan, Milano, Italy. Although the share of students who have taken cognitive enhancement medication themselves in the past is still small (16%), the use of these drugs is rather common and freely communicated in some social circles. Enhancing the ability to study outside of the class was students' primary motive for use. Students who think that there is no or an acceptable risk involved in cognitive enhancement medication are more likely to take drugs and dietary supplements than those who perceive the risk as high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-117
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • Cognitive enhancement medication
  • University students


Dive into the research topics of 'Use of cognitive enhancement medication among Northern Italian university students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this