UOIT Keyboard: A Constructive Keyboard for Small Touchscreen Devices

Tamer AbuHmed, Kyunghee Lee, Dae Hun Nyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Many techniques have been proposed for reducing errors during text input on touchscreens. However, the majority of these techniques suffer from the same limitation, i.e., the keyboard keys are overcrowded on a small screen, resulting in high error rates and slow text inputs. To address this situation and resolve the problems associated with overcrowdedness, we introduce a new text-entry method called the "UOIT keyboard." The idea behind the UOIT keyboard is to compose letters using "drawing-like typing" on the UOIT keyboard, which has 13 large keys that replace the 26 small keys that exist in the QWERTY keyboard. We describe the design, keys, and mechanism of the UOIT keyboard. A 24-participant user study was conducted to evaluate the speed and accuracy of the proposed entry method as compared with the QWERTY and multitap entry methods. As part of the evaluation, a questionnaire was used to collect participants' preferences. The UOIT keyboard has a mean entry speed of 11.3 words/min. The UOIT keyboard significantly reduces the typing errors with 3.8% total error rate comparing with 11.2% and 16.3% for QWERTY and multitap entry methods, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7160738
Pages (from-to)782-789
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.


  • Mobile computing
  • computer-human interaction
  • entry method
  • input text
  • keyboard
  • touch interface


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