Unraveling the Transformation from Type-II to Z-Scheme in Perovskite-Based Heterostructures for Enhanced Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction

Wentao Song, Kok Chan Chong, Guobin Qi, Yukun Xiao, Ganwen Chen, Bowen Li, Yufu Tang, Xinyue Zhang, Yingfang Yao, Zhiqun Lin, Zhigang Zou, Bin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The ability to create perovskite-based heterostructures with desirable charge transfer characteristics represents an important endeavor to render a set of perovskite materials and devices with tunable optoelectronic properties. However, due to similar material selection and band alignment in type-II and Z-scheme heterostructures, it remains challenging to obtain perovskite-based heterostructures with a favorable electron transfer pathway for photocatalysis. Herein, we report a robust tailoring of effective charge transfer pathway in perovskite-based heterostructures via a type-II to Z-scheme transformation for highly efficient and selective photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Specifically, CsPbBr3/TiO2 and CsPbBr3/Au/TiO2 heterostructures are synthesized and then investigated by ultrafast spectroscopy. Moreover, taking CsPbBr3/TiO2 and CsPbBr3/Au/TiO2 as examples, operando experiments and theoretical calculations confirm that the type-II heterostructure could be readily transformed into a Z-scheme heterostructure through establishing a low-resistance Ohmic contact, which indicates that a fast electron transfer pathway is crucial in Z-scheme construction, as further demonstrated by CsPbBr3/Ag/TiO2 and CsPbBr3/MoS2 heterostructures. In contrast to pristine CsPbBr3 and CsPbBr3/TiO2, the CsPbBr3/Au/TiO2 heterostructure exhibits 5.4- and 3.0-fold enhancement of electron consumption rate in photocatalytic CO2 reduction. DFT calculations and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy unveil that the superior CO selectivity is attributed to the lower energy of *CO desorption than that of hydrogenation to *HCO. This meticulous design sheds light on the modification of perovskite-based multifunctional materials and enlightens conscious optimization of semiconductor-based heterostructures with desirable charge transfer for catalysis and optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3303-3314
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2024

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© 2024 American Chemical Society


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