Unmitigated Counter-Peace

Sandra Pogodda, Oliver P. Richmond, Gëzim Visoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines the unmitigated counter-peace pattern, which is characterised by severe oppression, in which human rights are systematically violated. Dictatorships, military occupations and civil wars feature prominently in this pattern. The chapter analyses the key blockages in this cluster of cases, where unresolved political claims are effectively cordoned off by local and state elites and their foreign backers. The fierce state as the epicentre of the unmitigated counter-peace has thwarted the emergence of civil society, and kept the international peace architecture at bay. Dissecting the role of the fierce state in this pattern is important since counter-peace actors have currently converged on its formation as a central pillar of their alternative visions of ‘peace’ as Chapters 8 and 9 will show. Domestic authoritarian regimes seek alliances with similar geopolitical and ideological actors on the international stage, supporting their crude strategies of power accumulation. These alliances herald the formation of a more substantial counter-peace architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
VolumePart F831
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2023.


  • Authoritarian regimes
  • Failed peace process
  • Military intervention
  • Unmitigated conflicts
  • War


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