A pincer-like benzene-bridged sensor 1 with a pyrene excimer as a signal source and imidazolium as a phosphate anion receptor was synthesized and investigated for ATP sensing. A unique switch of excimer vs monomer pyrene fluorescence of 1 is observed in the presence of ATP due to the charcteristic sandwich π-π stacking of pyrene-adenine-pyrene. On the other hand, four other bases of nucleoside triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, UTP, and TTP can interact only from the outside with the already stabilized stacked pyrene-pyrene dimer of 1, resulting in excimer fluorescence quenching. The fluorescent intensity ratio of monomer-to-excimer for 1 upon binding with ATP (I 375/I487) is much larger than that upon binding with ADP and AMP. This difference is large enough to discriminate ATP from ADP and AMP. As one of the biological applications, sensor 1 is successfully applied to the ATP staining experiments. Sensor 1 is also applied to monitor the hydrolysis of ATP and ADP by apyrase. The results indicate that 1 is a useful fluorescent sensor for investigations of ATP-relevant biological processes.