The increase in fine dust levels in the atmosphere has been associated with a growth in the incidence of environmental diseases, including allergic rhinitis (AR). Nasal obstruction caused by AR can impact the conditions in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to determine the association between AR and periodontitis in the Republic of Korea. This study was based on data from the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-1, 2016), which was conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study included 6129 adults older than 19 years. Sociodemographic information and medical variables including history of treatment of periodontitis (HTP) reflecting diagnosis of periodontitis and diagnosis of diseases such as AR were extracted from the data. HTP and AR were reported for 22.81 ± 0.84% (weighted percentage ± standard error) and 15.32 ± 0.63% of the studied population, respectively. A diagnosis of AR was reported for 11.07 ± 1.28% of those with HTP and for 17.55 ± 1.84% of those without HTP. From these, it was inferred that the prevalence of HTP was 1.536-fold higher in the non-AR group than in their counterparts with AR. Significant association was found between AR and HTP among those aged ≤ 64 years and the odds ratio (OR) of AR group for HTP was 0.62 (95% confidence interval:0.44–0.87; P = 0.0057). From this result, it can be inferred that patients diagnosed AR have lower risk of periodontitis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
I certify that this study was an academic study of our department and that all of the presented information has been fully acknowledged. This research was supported by a Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (Grant No. 2018R1D1A1B07041400).
© 2023, The Author(s).