Understanding Vietnamese youth gangs in America: An ecological systems analysis

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17 Scopus citations


This article analyzes the problem of Vietnamese American youth gangs using Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. I first present a brief historical overview of Vietnamese migration to America, which is followed by examining risk factors that operate within five system levels: the micro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chrono-systems. Theories that explain relationships between the risk factors and gang involvement also are included. Finally, I draw implications for assessment, prevention, and intervention strategies at each systems level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • Culture
  • Delinquency
  • Gang
  • Migration
  • Vietnamese Americans
  • Youth


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