Understanding the antecedents of aggressive behavior in Persian Gulf War veterans within individual, interpersonal, and community contexts

Shirley Ann Thomas, Nicholas Alexander Prys, Jun Sung Hong, Hassan Jafer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study applies the social-ecological framework to examine multiple level correlates of aggressive behavior of veterans of the first Gulf War in 1991. Data were collected from the VA‘s Persian Gulf Family Support Programs (PGFSP), and the sample includes 1,519 veterans who participated in the PGFSP. At the individual level, the study finds that younger and female veterans and those with higher self-esteem were less likely to report displaying aggressive behavior. At the interpersonal level, veterans who displayed misconduct in the home are more likely to display aggressive behavior. At the community level, veterans who were in the Air Force was less likely, while those in the Marines were more likely to be aggressive. Implications for practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)722-730
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • aggression
  • Gulf War
  • mental health
  • military
  • social work
  • Veterans

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