TY - JOUR

T1 - Uncertainty and sensitivity of the maximum power in thermoelectric generation with temperature-dependent material properties

T2 - An analytic polynomial chaos approach

AU - Wee, Daehyun

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - In this article, the technique of polynomial chaos expansion is combined with an analytic model of thermoelectric power generation to quantify the uncertainty and sensitivity in the performance indices of thermoelectric generation, due to the uncertainty in the temperature-dependent material properties. The Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity are given in the form of second-order polynomials in temperature, whose coefficients follow normal probability distributions. The model is used to analytically estimate the mean and standard deviation of the output parameters and to generate cheap ensembles for constructing the probability density functions. The uncertainty in the maximum power density and other associated properties is quantified, and the results are compared to those obtained from direct Monte Carlo simulations. The first-order and total sensitivity indices are also presented. The model can estimate the uncertainty accurately, although the standard deviation in the current density at the maximum power condition has shown some deviation from that of the Monte Carlo simulation. Even the first-order polynomial chaos expansion performs well in our cases, because thermoelectric effects can be essentially considered as a first-order perturbation in thermoelectric generation due to its low energy conversion efficiency.

AB - In this article, the technique of polynomial chaos expansion is combined with an analytic model of thermoelectric power generation to quantify the uncertainty and sensitivity in the performance indices of thermoelectric generation, due to the uncertainty in the temperature-dependent material properties. The Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity are given in the form of second-order polynomials in temperature, whose coefficients follow normal probability distributions. The model is used to analytically estimate the mean and standard deviation of the output parameters and to generate cheap ensembles for constructing the probability density functions. The uncertainty in the maximum power density and other associated properties is quantified, and the results are compared to those obtained from direct Monte Carlo simulations. The first-order and total sensitivity indices are also presented. The model can estimate the uncertainty accurately, although the standard deviation in the current density at the maximum power condition has shown some deviation from that of the Monte Carlo simulation. Even the first-order polynomial chaos expansion performs well in our cases, because thermoelectric effects can be essentially considered as a first-order perturbation in thermoelectric generation due to its low energy conversion efficiency.

KW - Material property

KW - Maximum power

KW - Polynomial chaos

KW - Thermoelectrics

KW - Uncertainty quantification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037037587&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.088

DO - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.088

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85037037587

SN - 0196-8904

VL - 157

SP - 103

EP - 110

JO - Energy Conversion and Management

JF - Energy Conversion and Management

ER -