Background: Patients with underlying hematologic malignancy have a higher risk of developing systemic amyloidosis, which worsens their prognosis. Histopathologic detection of amyloid deposits in tissue biopsy specimens is the only diagnostic method for amyloidosis. Purpose: To compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (USPCB) of abdominal subcutaneous fat with that of bone marrow biopsy (BMB) for diagnosing amyloidosis. Material and Methods: A total of 90 consecutive patients with underlying hematologic disorders who underwent both USPCB of abdominal subcutaneous fat and BMB for suspicion of amyloid deposition during a 10-year period were included in this retrospective study. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of detecting amyloid deposition were 85.7% and 100%, respectively, with USPCB as opposed to 4.8% and 100%, respectively, with BMB, and the sensitivity was significantly higher with USPCB (P < 0.001). The mean number of times USPCB was performed was 3.3. There were no major complications associated with USPCB. The sensitivity of detecting amyloidosis was not different between the 18-G needle group and the 14-G group (100% vs. 80%; P = 0.623). Logistic regression analysis revealed that acquiring more cores from USPCB and thinner fat tissues were statistically significant factors that affected the diagnostic accuracy of USPCB for amyloid detection. Conclusion: The sensitivity of amyloid deposition was significantly higher with USPCB of abdominal subcutaneous fat than BMB. Acquiring more cores by multiple biopsies instead of using a larger bore needle and thin subcutaneous fat pad may be a favorable factor for the diagnostic accuracy of USPCB.
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© The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2023.
- abdominal subcutaneous fat
- bone marrow examination