Tunable aggregation of gold-silica janus nanoparticles to enable contrast-enhanced multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging in vivo

Ji Hun Park, Diego S. Dumani, Ammar Arsiwala, Stanislav Emelianov, Ravi S. Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photoacoustic imaging using exogenous contrast agents has emerged as a hybrid technique that enables the deep imaging of optical properties of tissues with high spatial resolution. The power of this imaging technique can be greatly enhanced by the use of contrast agents that absorb at near-infrared wavelengths and whose optical properties can be modulated in response to the local environment. We have designed contrast agents consisting of gold nanoparticles coated with anisotropic silica nanoshells. The tunable aggregation of these janus particles in cell culture media resulted in a dramatic amplification of photoacoustic signals in the near-infrared region. We also demonstrated imaging using these contrast agents in mammalian cells, including macrophages and breast cancer cells as well as in vivo. The ability to modulate janus particle aggregation in response to a range of stimuli in combination with the high resolution and deep penetration of multiwavelength photoacoustic imaging are attractive for a broad range of applications in diagnostic imaging and theranostics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15365-15370
Number of pages6
JournalNanoscale
Volume10
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

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© The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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