Tumor-Promoting Role of GNA14 in Colon Cancer Development

Rahui Park, Seungmin Lee, Hyunjung Chin, Anh Thai Quynh Nguyen, Daekee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent studies have shown that mutations in members of the G-protein α family contribute to the onset and progression of cancer. However, the role of GNA14 in CRC remains unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of GNA14 on CRC through genetic approaches in vitro and in vivo. We found that GNA14 knockdown by small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited the proliferation of CRC cells SW403 and HT29. Gna14 knockout mice developed normally without obvious abnormalities. However, the number of polyps in the small intestine was significantly reduced in Gna14 knockout mice compared to control mice after mating with ApcMin mice, a representative CRC mouse model. In particular, deletion of the Gna14 inhibited polyp growth, especially in the distal end of the small intestine. Histological examination showed that Gna14 knockout mice suppressed malignant tumor progression due to decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis in polyps compared to controls. In addition, GNA14 knockdown in CRC cells resulted in downregulation of ERK phosphorylation and β-catenin and β-catenin phosphorylation at S675. Similarly, ERK phosphorylation and phospho-β-catenin phosphorylation at S675 were decreased in polyps of Gna14 knockout mice. Collectively, these analyses show that GNA14 may accelerate CRC cell proliferation and malignant tumor progression through ERK and β-catenin pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4572
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • CRC
  • G-proteins
  • GNA14
  • MAPK pathway
  • β-catenin


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