Treatment outcomes with selective coil embolization for large or giant aneurysms: Prognostic implications of incomplete occlusion

Kyung Il Jo, Na Rae Yang, Pyoung Jeon, Keon Ha Kim, Seung Chyul Hong, Jong Soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the immediate and long-term efficacy and safety of coil embolization for large or giant aneurysms. Methods: One hundred and fifty large or giant aneurysm cases treated with endovascular coil embolization between January 2005 and February 2014 at a single institute were included in this study. Medical records and imaging findings were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate prognostic factors associated with major recurrence (major recanalization or rupture) and delayed thromboembolism after selective coil embolization. Results: Procedure-related symptomatic complications occurred in five (3.3%) patients. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up periods were 38 months (range, 2-110) and 26 months (range, 6-108), respectively. During the follow-up period, the estimated recurrence rate was 4.6% per year. Multivariate analysis using Cox regression showed the degree of occlusion to be the only factor associated with recurrence (p=0.008, hazard ratio 3.15, 95% confidence interval 1.34-7.41). The patient’s history of rupture in addition to the size and location of the aneurysm were not associated with recurrence in this study. Delayed infarction occurred in eight cases, and all were incompletely occluded. Conclusion: Although immediate postprocedural safety profiles were reasonable, longterm results showed recanalization and thromboembolic events to occur continuously, especially in patients with incomplete occlusion. In addition, incomplete occlusion was associated with delayed thromboembolic complications. Patients with incomplete occlusions should be followed carefully for delayed recurrence or delayed thromboembolic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Endovascular procedures
  • Giant intracranial aneurysm
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment failure

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