We present a sol-gel derived anatase titania nanoparticle system which can be spin-coated to form thin films having high refractive index and excellent optical clarity. Stable titania suspensions were obtained through peptization of crude product in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide. The particle sizes and morphologies were finely controlled by mild hydrothermal treatment at 200C. Three titania suspensions obtained by different hydrothermal reaction time showed stable suspensions without significant flocculation, and subsequently spin coated on the glass substrates. Without calcinations step, the resulting films exhibited fairly good optical clearance and refractive indices as high as 2.05. Narrow dispersity of the particle size and the stability of titania suspension also enabled the fabrication of inverse opal structure by templating method which could be further utilized as various applications such as photonic bandgap materials and photoelectrode for solar cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Prof. Young Soo Seo in Sejong University is gratefully acknowledged for kind help with ellipsometry measurement. W. Lee and Y. G. Seo acknowledge the financial support by Renewable Energy Grant from KETEP (Grant No. 2008NPV08J 0130302008). K. Kim acknowledges the financial support by Renewable Energy Grant from KETEP (Grant No. 2008NPV08J010000). H. Lee acknowledges the financial support of this work by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-C1AAA001-2009-0093049) and KIST internal project (2E20980).
- Hydrothermal reaction
- Inverse opal
- Solution process
- Thin film
- Titania nanoparticle