Transitions in International Order and the Tools of Peacemaking: Back to the Future?

Sandra Pogodda, Oliver P. Richmond, Gëzim Visoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter explores why and how revisionist actors escalate their counter-peace tactics into systemic challenges to the international peace architecture. In particular, it explores how the stances of prominent actors such as China, Russia and Turkey towards the liberal peace model have evolved since the end of the Cold War. It identifies the turning points in their relationship with the IPA as well as the depth of its contestation. From this analysis different trajectories emerge that are leading from cooperation with the international peace architecture to sabotage and rivalry. This chapter identifies a trend towards counter-peace collaboration via the divergent strategies of its actors. A convergence of counter-peace forces in opposition to the IPA spells trouble for international peacemaking in the emerging multipolar order.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
VolumePart F831
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2023.


  • Liberal internationalism
  • Multipolarity
  • Revisionism
  • UN mediation


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