Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis, which increases epidermal thickness in skin regeneration. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is not yet known in detail. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate that the transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) stimulates epidermal regeneration by increasing keratinocyte proliferation. During epidermal regeneration, TAZ is localized in the nucleus of keratinocytes of the basal layer and stimulates epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling. TAZ depletion in keratinocytes decreased EGFR signaling activation, which delays epidermal regeneration. Interestingly, TAZ stimulated the transcription of amphiregulin (AREG), a ligand of EGFR, through TEAD-mediated transcriptional activation. Together, these results show that TAZ stimulates EGFR signaling through AREG induction, suggesting that it plays an important role in epidermal regeneration.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 26 Mar 2020|
- EGFR signal
- Skin regeneration
- UV damage