Toward an Effective Control of the H2 to CO Ratio of Syngas through CO2 Electroreduction over Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles on Layered Titanate Nanosheets

Filipe Marques Mota, Dang Le Tri Nguyen, Ji Eun Lee, Huiyan Piao, Jin Ho Choy, Yun Jeong Hwang, Dong Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, the electroreduction of CO2 to valuable products has emerged as a rational answer to rising CO2 emissions and a strategic approach to incorporate renewable electricity from intermittent sources (e.g., wind and solar) into the global energy supply. The reduction of CO2 to CO has been highlighted in the widely explored industrial conversion of syngas (CO and H2) to fuels. Herein, we report a promising electrocatalyst incorporating well-dispersed gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) on ultrathin titanate nanosheets (TiNS). By tuning the contents of Au (in the ranges of 0 to 93 wt % Au) in the hybrid Au/TiNS architecture, CO product selectivity was effectively controlled (in the range of CO Faradaic efficiency from 3 to over 80%) with the sole additional formation of H2, which is of pronounced industrial interest. Most importantly, a control of both component amounts was suggested to result in a variation of corresponding electronic properties based on the interaction between Au NP and TiNS substrate, dictating the stabilization of formed reaction intermediates and resulting product selectivity. In addition, our Au/TiNS achieved optimally high CO and H2 production current densities, with 73 wt % Au at the low cathodic potential region (-0.6 to -0.9 VRHE). The suggested synergetic effect between both catalytic components underlines the promising character of this hybrid system and is expected to significantly add to the strategic production of syngas for subsequent applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4364-4374
Number of pages11
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 May 2018

Keywords

  • Au catalyst
  • CO production
  • CO reduction reaction
  • electrocatalysis
  • syngas conversion
  • titanate nanosheets

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Toward an Effective Control of the H2 to CO Ratio of Syngas through CO2 Electroreduction over Immobilized Gold Nanoparticles on Layered Titanate Nanosheets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this