Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stromal cells produce CXCR2-binding chemokines and acquire follicular dendritic cell-like phenotypes under TLR3 stimulation

Jung Hwa Ryu, Minhwa Park, Bo Kyung Kim, Kyung Ha Ryu, So Youn Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously isolated mesenchymal stromal cells from human tonsils (T-MSCs) and showed the potential of these cells to differentiate into the mesodermal lineage and acquire a follicular dendritic cell (FDC) phenotype under cytokine stimulation. Because these T-MSCs were originally isolated from inflamed tonsillar tissues, we were curious about their activation status in response to innate immune stimuli, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Therefore, we analyzed the expression profile of TLRs in T-MSCs and stimulated the T-MSCs with TLR agonists. TLR3 stimuli induced C-C chemokine receptor type 6 expression in T-MSCs after 24. h. Furthermore, results from cytokine arrays showed increases in epithelial neutrophil-activating peptide-78/C-X-C motif chemokine (CXCL) 5, granulocyte chemotactic protein-2/CXCL6, growth-related oncogene-α/CXCL1, interleukin-8/CXCL8, and interferon gamma-induced protein-10/CXCL10. CD54 expression was also increased after TLR3 stimulation. However, co-culturing T-MSCs with human B cells did not induce B-cell proliferation. This suggests that TLR3 stimulates the differentiation of T-MSCs into FDC-like cells and induces chemokine secretion, possibly by recruiting C-X-C chemokine receptor 2-expressing immune cells. In addition, T-MSCs also appeared to exert immunomodulatory effects by inhibiting B-cell proliferation, possibly by down-regulating CD18.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalCytokine
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • B cells
  • CD54
  • CXCR2
  • Toll-like receptors
  • Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stromal cells

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