Three-dimensional culture method enhances the therapeutic efficacies of tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells in murine chronic colitis model

Eun Mi Song, Yang Hee Joo, A. Reum Choe, Yehyun Park, Chung Hyun Tae, Ji Teak Hong, Chang Mo Moon, Seong Eun Kim, Hye Kyung Jung, Ki Nam Shim, Kyung Ah Cho, Inho Jo, Sung Ae Jung

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Abstract

Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) showed therapeutic effects on acute and chronic murine colitis models, owing to their immunomodulatory properties; therefore, we evaluated enhanced therapeutic effects of TMSCs on a murine colitis model using three-dimensional (3D) culture method. The expression of angiogenic factors, VEGF, and anti-inflammatory cytokines, IL-10, TSG-6, TGF-β, and IDO-1, was significantly higher in the 3D-TMSC-treated group than in the 2D-TMSC-treated group (P < 0.05). At days 18 and 30 after inducing chronic colitis, disease activity index scores were estimated to be significantly lower in the 3D-TMSC-treated group than in the colitis control (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively) and 2D-TMSC-treated groups (P = 0.022 and P = 0.004, respectively). Body weight loss was significantly lower in the 3D-TMSC-treated group than in the colitis control (P < 0.001) and 2D-TMSC-treated groups (P = 0.005). Colon length shortening was significantly recovered in the 3D-TMSC-treated group compared to that in the 2D-TMSC-treated group (P = 0.001). Histological scoring index was significantly lower in the 3D-TMSC-treated group than in the 2D-TMSC-treated group (P = 0.002). These results indicate that 3D-cultured TMSCs showed considerably higher therapeutic effects in a chronic murine colitis model than those of 2D-cultured TMSCs via increased anti-inflammatory cytokine expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19589
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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