Thermal Management Enables Bright and Stable Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes

Lianfeng Zhao, Kwangdong Roh, Sara Kacmoli, Khaled Al Kurdi, Samik Jhulki, Stephen Barlow, Seth R. Marder, Claire Gmachl, Barry P. Rand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of lead-halide perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has increased rapidly in recent years. However, most reports feature devices operated at relatively small current densities (<500 mA cm−2) with moderate radiance (<400 W sr−1 m−2). Here, Joule heating and inefficient thermal dissipation are shown to be major obstacles toward high radiance and long lifetime. Several thermal management strategies are proposed in this work, such as doping charge-transport layers, optimizing device geometry, and attaching heat spreaders and sinks. Combining these strategies, high-performance perovskite LEDs are demonstrated with maximum radiance of 2555 W sr−1 m−2, peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 17%, considerably reduced EQE roll-off (EQE > 10% to current densities as high as 2000 mA cm−2), and tenfold increase in operational lifetime (when driven at 100 mA cm−2). Furthermore, with proper thermal management, a maximum current density of 2.5 kA cm−2 and an EQE of ≈1% at 1 kA cm−2 are shown using electrical pulses, which represents an important milestone toward electrically driven perovskite lasers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000752
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume32
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Prof. Stephen Y. Chou at Princeton University for suggesting the graphite heat sink. This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Award No. FA9550‐18‐1‐0037 and the National Science Foundation under DMR‐1807797. S.J. thanks the United States‐India Educational Foundation (USIEF, India) and Institute of International Education (IIE, USA) for a Fulbright‐Nehru Postdoctoral Fellowship (Grant No. 2266/FNPDR/2017). The authors acknowledge the use of Princeton's Imaging and Analysis Center, which is partially supported by the Princeton Center for Complex Materials, a National Science Foundation (NSF)‐MRSEC program (DMR‐1420541).

Funding Information:
The authors thank Prof. Stephen Y. Chou at Princeton University for suggesting the graphite heat sink. This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under Award No. FA9550-18-1-0037 and the National Science Foundation under DMR-1807797. S.J. thanks the United States-India Educational Foundation (USIEF, India) and Institute of International Education (IIE, USA) for a Fulbright-Nehru Postdoctoral Fellowship (Grant No. 2266/FNPDR/2017). The authors acknowledge the use of Princeton's Imaging and Analysis Center, which is partially supported by the Princeton Center for Complex Materials, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-MRSEC program (DMR-1420541).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • device stability
  • efficiency roll-off
  • organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites
  • perovskite light-emitting devices
  • thermal management

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