Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a significant pathogen for young children, and three Hib vaccines (named PRP-OMPC, HbOC, and PRP-T) are currently available for young children. Extensive studies of anti-Hib polysaccharidc (PS) antibodies (Abs) have shown that the V regions of Abs against the Hib PS comprise a VH gene in the VH3 gene family and a VL gene from various V(κ) and V(λ) subgroups. To study immunogenic properties of the three vaccines in young children, we determined the VL subgroups and avidities of anti-Hib-PS Abs induced by the three clinically available conjugate vaccines. Ab avidity was measured by determining the concentration of a Hib-PS oligomer that abrogates half of the binding of immunoglobulin G anti-Hib-PS Abs to microwells. The PRP-OMPC vaccine induced lower-avidity Abs than the prelicensure HbOC vaccine (P = 0.05). When we compared anti-Hib-PS Abs expressing V(κ)Ia, V(κ)II, and V(λ) subgroups, a greater Ab response was induced by the prelicensure HbOC vaccine than other vaccines (P < 0.05). When anti-Hib-PS Abs with the V(κ)III subgroup were compared, however, both PRP-T and prelicensure HbOC vaccines induced a comparable response, which in turn was greater than those induced by the PRP-OMPC or the postlicensure HbOC vaccine (P < 0.001). The VL repertoire of Abs induced with the prelicensure HbOC or PRP-T vaccine in young children is dominated (about 80%) by anti- Hib-PS Abs using subgroup V(κ)II. However, anti-Hib-PS using V(κ)II VL accounts for only about 40% of the total anti-Hib-PS Abs induced with the PRP-OMPC vaccine or the postlicensure HbOC. Our data suggest that immunogenic properties of Hib vaccines in young children vary depending on the vaccine preparations as well as the vaccine types.