The utilization of national tobacco cessation services among female smokers and the need for a gender-responsive approach

Ahnna Lee, Kang Sook Lee, Dahyeon Lee, Hyeju Ahn, Hyun Kyung Lee, Hyekyeong Kim, Jakyoung Lee, Hong Gwan Seo

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2 Scopus citations


Despite the steadily increasing prevalence of female smoking, gender-responsive tobacco cessation services have not been widely provided worldwide. The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with the use of tobacco cessation services among female tobacco product users in Korea from a national perspective. We performed a logistic regression analysis using data from 663 female smokers; 11.0% of female smokers had used government-supported smoking cessation services. A logistic regression model showed a statistically significant association between the utilization of smoking cessation services and a history of pregnancy and childbirth, depression, current use of heated tobacco products and multiple tobacco products, parental smoking status and receiving advice to quit. With regard to the motivation ruler, those in their 50s reported a higher importance than those in their 20s. Weight gain concerns when quitting smoking were the lowest among the participants aged 19–29. The need to develop gender-specific smoking cessation programs is the highest among the participants aged 39–49 and the lowest among those aged 19–29. This study suggests several factors related to the utilization of national health services among female smokers. Further studies considering gender-specific needs for the development of gender-responsive tobacco cessation support are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5313
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2 May 2021

Bibliographical note

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Female smoker
  • Gender-responsive tobacco control
  • National tobacco cessation service
  • Smoking cessation


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