The use of enzymes in the chemical industry in Europe

Andreas Schmid, Frank Hollmann, Jin Byung Park, Bruno Bühler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

171 Scopus citations


Many European chemical industries are in a phase of reorganization resulting in a general opening towards life sciences. Traditional chemical markets are served increasingly with products derived from bioprocesses or hybrid chemical/biocatalytic processes. Biocatalytic steps are already being used to produce a wide range of products, including agricultural chemicals, organics, drugs and plastic materials, to name but a few. Apart from the rapidly growing number of commercialized bioprocesses, a partial survey of exploratory activities points to future applications of enzymes in the European chemical industry, which will bring new products and technologies and, in some cases, replace traditional syntheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2002


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