The Stalemate Pattern

Sandra Pogodda, Oliver P. Richmond, Gëzim Visoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines the stalemate pattern of counter-peace, which is characterised by frozen conflict, in which violence has been circumscribed and dampened down to a bare minimum but inter-group tensions persist unabated. In this stalemate pattern there is a weak alliance between civil society and international donors and multilateral actors within the IPA. The fragile peace and stalled conflict resolution processes tend to be captured by a range of legal, political, economic, and geopolitical co-dependencies, which are finely balanced but block both progress as well as the collapse of the stalemate. While stalemates have often remained in a state of negative peace for decades, shifting geopolitical power in the emerging multipolar order are threatening further destabilisation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
VolumePart F831
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2023.


  • Geopolitical rivalry
  • Non-recognition
  • Political unsettlement
  • Stalemate conflicts
  • UN peace operations


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