The role of confucianism in the formation of psychological contracts: Evidence from China

Insu Kwon, Juil Lee, Ranran Wang, Sang Joon Kim

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2 Scopus citations


We investigated the role of cultural factors in the formation of psychological contracts in a Chinese context, on the basis that psychological contracts are different in different cultures. In particular, we considered Confucianism, which can govern the formation of psychological contracts in an Asian context. As people with different personalities make different psychological contracts, we hypothesized that the Asian-specific factor of Confucianism would moderate the relationship between 3 personality factors, namely, neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness, and the formation of psychological contracts. Thus, we surveyed 217 people employed in organizations in China, and found a moderating effect of Confucianism on the relationship between conscientiousness and relational psychological contracts. These findings suggest that when Confucianism is internalized, the Chinese workplace environment can be effectively managed by relational psychological contracts. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1499-1512
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Behavior and Personality
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

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© 2018 Scientific Journal Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.


  • Big Five personality factors
  • Confucianism
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Psychological contract


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