The revised stress measurement of female marriage immigrants in Korea: Evaluation of the psychometric properties

Min Hee Park, Sook Ja Yang, Yeon Kyung Chee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The twenty-one item Stress Measurement of Female Marriage Immigrants (SMFMI) was developed to assess stress of female marriage immigrants in Korea. This study reports the psychometric properties of a revised SMFMI (SMFMI-R) for application with female marriage immigrants to Korea who were raising children. Participants were 190 female marriage immigrants from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and other Asian countries, who were recruited using convenience sampling between November 2013 and December 2013. Survey questionnaires were translated into study participants’ native languages (Chinese, Vietnamese, and English). Principal component analysis yielded nineteen items in four factors (family, parenting, cultural, and economic stress), explaining 63.5% of the variance, which was slightly better than the original scale. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated adequate fit for the four-factor model. Based on classic test theory and item response theory, strong support was provided for item discrimination, item difficulty, and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.923). SMFMI-R scores were negatively associated with Korean proficiency and subjective economic status. The SMFMI-R is a valid, reliable, and comprehensive measure of stress for female marriage immigrants and can provide useful information to develop intervention programs for those who may be at risk for emotional stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-412
Number of pages18
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 4 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Taylor & Francis.


  • Female
  • Immigrants
  • Marriage
  • Measurement
  • Stress


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