The Potent PDE10A Inhibitor MP-10 (PF-2545920) Suppresses Microglial Activation in LPS-Induced Neuroinflammation and MPTP-Induced Parkinson’s Disease Mouse Models

Do Yeon Kim, Jin Sun Park, Yea Hyun Leem, Jung Eun Park, Hee Sun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

MP-10 (PF-2545920) is a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A), an enzyme highly enriched in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, olfactory tubercle, and substantia nigra. The therapeutic effect of MP-10 has been reported in psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, and Huntington’s disease. However, the effect of MP-10 in Parkinson’s disease (PD) has not been reported to date. In this study, we examined the effect of MP-10 in neuroinflammation and PD mouse models. MP-10 inhibited nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin (IL)-6 production, while it promoted IL-10 production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV2 microglial cells. Subsequent western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses showed that MP-10 reduced the mRNA and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, proinflammatory cytokines, and matrix metalloproteinase-3, −8, and − 9 in LPS-stimulated BV2 cells. Further mechanistic studies revealed that MP-10 exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase and Akt, reducing the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B/activator protein-1, and upregulating the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/antioxidant response element and protein kinase A/cAMP response element-binding protein signaling pathways. The anti-inflammatory effect of MP-10 was confirmed in vivo. Specifically, MP-10 inhibited microglial activation and proinflammatory gene expression in the brains of LPS-injected mice. Moreover, MP-10 rescued behavioral deficits and recovered dopaminergic neuronal cell death in the brains of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced PD mice. MP-10 also reduced microglial activation in this PD mouse model. These data collectively suggest that MP-10 may have therapeutic potential in PD and other neuroinflammatory disorders. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-482
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • MP-10
  • Microglia
  • Molecular mechanism
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Neuroprotection
  • Parkinson’s disease

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