Natural materials such as nacre abalone shells are often leveraged for inspiration in developing high-performing materials for impact protection applications. However, a comprehensive understanding of the microstructure-property relationships and their corresponding damage mechanisms in bioinspired designs under high-speed impact has not yet been fully studied. In this paper, the mechanism of the high-speed impact performance of nacre-inspired microstructures is presented, considering a set of design parameters using high-throughput computational simulations. Results show that adding interfacial waviness to traditional nacre designs enlarges the damage area, and an inclined interface helps to effectively block the crack and stress wave propagation, leading to superior impact performance. Moreover, an asymmetric microstructure tends to rotate an impactor, causing it to travel a longer path yielding larger energy dissipation. It is envisioned that pinpointing the superior features embedded in nacre-like structures can provide unique design guidelines for next-generation impact-resistant materials.
|Journal||Cell Reports Physical Science|
|State||Published - 21 Dec 2022|
- bioinspired composites
- crack propagation
- damage mechanisms
- impact properties
- stress waves