The Metaverse in the Workplace: Possibilities and Implications for Human Resource Development

Doo Hun Lim, Jae Young Lee, Sunyoung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study reviews the potential applications of the metaverse to various areas of human resource development (HRD) and reflects on the applications’ significance for employee and organizational development. Adopting a narrative review approach to this study, we selected and reviewed 34 cases. From our review, we found several findings that contributes to the HRD field in several ways. First, it draws the attention of HRD researchers and practitioners to a critical emerging trend that has been overlooked in the field. Second, it offers an analytical view of the metaverse in comparison to other training or learning technologies, assessing its effectiveness in employee development. Third, this study enhances the perspectives of HRD researchers and practitioners regarding this new technology by providing practical and theoretical insights into how metaverse-based interventions can reshape organizational culture and improve employee performance in the workplace. Lastly, it addresses compelling theoretical and practical questions related to HRD issues arising from the metaverse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-198
Number of pages35
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • augmented reality
  • human resource development
  • lifelogging
  • metaverse
  • mirror worlds
  • virtual reality


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