The Integrative Process: New Research and Future Directions

Netta Weinstein, Andrew K. Przybylski, Richard M. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Recent research has provided new insights into the integrative process, which allows for unified self-functioning. In this article, we review recent work that has used a variety of behavioral, physiological, dual-process, and survey techniques to examine personality integration. On the basis of theoretical considerations and the growing body of findings, we highlight three subprocesses-namely, awareness, ownership/autonomy, and nondefensiveness-and summarize evidence linking these facets of integration to energy, wellness, and relational benefits. Finally, we review contextual factors, such as autonomy support and unconditional regard, that have been shown to be conducive to integration, and we suggest tools that may be used in future research on integration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • autonomy
  • defense
  • energy
  • integration
  • well-being


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