The Impact of Social Resources on Depressive Symptoms in Racially and Ethnically Diverse Older Adults: Variations by Groups With Differing Health Risks

Nan Sook Park, Yuri Jang, Beom S. Lee, Jung Eun Ko, David A. Chiriboga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objectives of this study were (1) to develop an empirical typology of physical health risks in racially and ethnically diverse older adults and (2) to examine whether the impact of social resources on depressive symptoms differs across the identified health risk groups (low, moderate, and high risks). The data source was the Survey of Older Floridians, a statewide survey of older adults aged 65 and older (n = 1,432). Latent profile analysis with multiple indicators of physical health (chronic conditions, functional disability, and self-rated health) was used to identify three health risk groups (low, moderate, and high risks). The direct and interactive effects of the health risk group membership and social resources (social support and religious service attendance) on depressive symptoms were found. Of particular interest was that the positive impact of social support was most pronounced in the moderate health risk group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-342
Number of pages21
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The project was supported by the Administration on Aging Research (grant 90AM2750; Dr. Jennifer Salmon, principal investigator; Dr. David A. Chiriboga, coprincipal investigator).

Keywords

  • depressive symptoms
  • health risks
  • older adults
  • social resources

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