Backgrounds: Perioperative CA19-9 value in pancreato-biliary cancers has been recognized as a prognostic factor. Herein, we investigated survival differences and recurrence patterns after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy by perioperative CA19-9 change in surgically resected extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: Patients were divided into those with preoperative normal CA19-9 (Group 1, n = 52), those with high preoperative and normalized postoperative CA19-9 (Group 2, n = 80), and those with both high pre- and postoperative CA19-9 (Group 3, n = 21). Results: Depending on the group defined above, the 5-year overall survival (OS) (59.6%, 38.7%, and 9.5%, P < 0.001) and disease-free survival (55.8%, 31.2%, and 9.5%, P < 0.001) between the three groups differed. On multivariable analysis in patients other than group 1, poor prognosticators for OS were high postoperative CA19-9 (HR 2.26, P = 0.008) and N1 disease (HR 2.33, P = 0.001). Group 3, compared with group 2, showed higher distant metastasis rate, shorter disease-free interval, and higher CA19-9 at the time of recurrence. Conclusions: Survival and recurrence patterns after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy are significantly affected by perioperative CA19-9 change. This may have important implications in patient selection for adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and clinical trial design.
- adjuvant chemoradiotherapy
- extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma