The impact of ocean-atmosphere coupling on the predictability of boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation

Hye Mi Kim, In Sik Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The impact of ocean-atmosphere coupling on the simulation and prediction of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) has been investigated by diagnosing 22-year retrospective forecasts using the Seoul National University coupled general circulation model (CGCM) and its atmospheric GCM (AGCM) forced with SSTs derived from the CGCM. Numerous studies have shown that the ocean-atmosphere coupling has a significant effect on the improvement of ISO simulation and prediction. Contrary to previous studies, this study shows similar results between CGCM and AGCM, not only in regard to the ISO simulation characteristics but also the predictability. The similarities between CGCM and AGCM include (1) the ISO intensity over the entire Asian-monsoon region; (2) the spatiotemporal evolution of the northward propagating ISO (NPISO); and (3) the potential and practical predictability. A notable difference between CGCM and AGCM is the phase relationship between precipitation and SST anomalies. The CGCM and observation exhibits a near-quadrature relationship between precipitation and SST, with the former lagging about two pentads. The AGCM shows a less realistic phase relationship. The similar structure and propagation characteristics of ISO between the CGCM and AGCM suggest that the internal atmospheric dynamics could be more essential to the ISO than the ocean-atmosphere interaction over the Indian monsoon region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-870
Number of pages12
JournalClimate Dynamics
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge two reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions, which were helpful for improving the paper. This work is supported by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant CATER_2006-4206 and the second stage of the Brain Korea 21 Project.


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