The high incidence of meiotic errors increases with decreased sperm count in severe male factor infertilities

Myung Geol Pang, Young Ju Kim, Sang Hoon Lee, Chang Keun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Background: The high frequency of aneuploidy sperm raises concerns that there may be an increased incidence of aneuploid offspring in ICSI programmes. In order to assess the role that chromosome complement plays in normal and abnormal fertility, detailed molecular cytogenetic studies must be done on sperm samples from men with normal and abnormal fertility. Methods: To understand more clearly the cytogenetic make-up of sperm from oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) patients, multi-colour fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to determine numerical chromosome abnormalities. Results: Increased aneuploidy frequencies for chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X and Y were detected in sperm from OAT patients. The frequencies of diploidy also increased. There were no differences in non-disjunction at meiosis I compared to meiosis II. Sperm count inversely correlated with the frequencies of diploidy, aneuploidies for chromosomes 13 and 21 in OAT patients. Twenty-two cycles of ICSI and 18 embryo transfers were performed in 20 couples. Only three cases achieved successful pregnancies. Conclusions: A higher incidence of meiotic errors and lower sperm counts was found in sperm from OAT patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1688-1694
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Aneuploidy
  • FISH
  • Male infertility
  • Meiosis
  • Sperm


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