The evolution of the international peace architecture

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The theories and doctrines related to peacekeeping, mediation, peacebuilding, and statebuilding, as well as other tools used to end war and conflict, raise a range of long-standing questions about the evolution and integrity of what might be called an international peace architecture. A narrow version of this term has begun to appear in the context of peacebuilding through the United Nations, the African Union, the European Union, other regional actors, the international legal system, and the International Financial Institutions. This article proposes a much broader, historical version, with six main theoretical stages, which have, from a critical perspective, produced a substantial, though fragile, international architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-400
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean Journal of International Security
Issue number4
StatePublished - 4 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s) 2021.


  • International Architecture
  • International System
  • Peace Processes
  • Peacebuilding


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