The effects of South Korea's conditional loan system in promoting foreign oil and gas exploration projects

Jihyo Kim, Yoon Kyung Kim, Jinsoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since 1983, the South Korean government has implemented a conditional loan system to push private firms to participate in foreign oil and gas exploration projects, ultimately to secure the country's energy supply. In this study, we empirically investigate whether South Korea's conditional loan system successfully contributed to the promotion of foreign oil and gas exploration projects. First, we analyze how the amount of conditional loans has affected the number of exploration projects. Our empirical results show that a 1% increase in loans yielded both a 0.8% increase in the number of total exploration projects and a 0.5% increase in the number of newly launched exploration projects. The economic conditions of the exploration and production business have been insignificantly effective. Second, we analyze how the contribution of conditional loans to total investment has affected the number of exploration projects that have taken place. The empirical results show that the lower the contribution of conditional loans is, the greater the number of newly launched exploration projects. However, the contribution of conditional loans has significantly affected neither the number of total exploration projects nor the number of exploration projects that feature operational responsibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-301
Number of pages10
JournalGeosystem Engineering
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • conditional loan system
  • energy exploration and production business
  • energy supply
  • foreign oil and gas exploration projects

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